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Security Devices - 2002

ISBN 978-3-934994-01-0

EUR 20,00

Possible Health Risks to the General Public from the Use of Security and Similar Devices. Munich: International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection; 2002. ISBN 978-3-934994-01-0.

Content: The primary objective of this advisory document is to address the important issue of possible adverse effects on public health and exposure to pulsed and continuous wave (cw) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) associated with the use of electronic security and similar devices. Secondary objectives include: a review of the scientific evidence of harm to human health from EMF exposure relevant to the operating frequencies of such devices; a review of the applicability and limitations of currently available exposure assessment techniques and recommendations for future health risk assessment and research needs.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

CHARACTERISTICS OF SYSTEMS AND DEVICES

Introduction
Electronic article surveillance systems
Radiofrequency identification systems
Metal detection systems
Conclusions and recommendations

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT

Introduction
Waveforms
Measurements and calculation
Conclusions and recommendations

MECHANISMS

Introduction
Physical coupling mechanisms
Bio-physical mechanisms
Conclusions

HUMAN STUDIESb

Epidemiological studies
Human laboratory studies

ANIMAL AND CELLULAR STUDIES

Introduction
Animal studies
Cellular studies
Summary and conclusions

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE WITH MEDICAL DEVICES

Introduction
Present status of knowledge on interference between security systems and medical devices
Possible medical consequences of security systems interference with mediucal devices
Medical Device Consensus Standards related to EMC
The EC recommendation and ICNIRP EMF exposure guidelines
Collaboration between security and medical device industries
Conclusions and recommendations

HEALTH PROTECTION GUIDELINES

ICNIRP guidelines on limiting exposure to electromagnetic fields
EC recommendation on public exposure

TECHNICAL STANDARDS

Introduction
the regulatory framework in the European Union
Other standards of relevance to security and similar devices
Cocnlusions and recommendations
Collection of directives, recommendations, guidelines and standards

CONCUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES