Cart
Key Visual

Static and Low Frequency Review - 2003

ISBN 978-3-934994-03-4

EUR 30,00

Exposure to Static and Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Biological Effects and Health Consequences (0-100 kHz) - Review of the Scientific Evidence and Health Consequences. Munich: International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection; 2003.

Format:
Available as PDF and hard cover. Upon ordering you will receive both formats.

Content
: This document is a review of the scientific evidence concerning exposure to static and low frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and the resulting consequences for health.

This review addresse static and low frequency EMFs from 0 to 100 kHz. It aims at providing input to the respective health risk assessment undertaken by the World Health Organization. A review of the scientific evidence in the RF area has been started by ICNIRP. Both reviews will then form the basis for a thorough reevaluation of ICNIRP's science based guidance on limiting exposure to electromagnetic fields.

Table of Contents

I. DOSIMETRY AND EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT OF STATIC AND TIME-VARYING ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS UP TO 100 KHZ
Introduction
Physical Characteristics
  Introduction
  Electricity and Magnetism
  Static and slowly time-varying fields
  Time-varying fields
  Field polarization and homogeneity
  Energy carried by the electric field
  Magnetic induction of electric fields
Field Characterization
  Introduction
  Common issues and problems
  Static and slowly time-varying fields (0-1 Hz)
  Time-varying fields
Physical interaction with matter
  Introduction
  Electric and magnetic properties of matter
   Interaction with matter
Natural and man-made sources
  Introduction
  Natural sources of static and time-varying fields
  Man-made sources of static fields
  Man-made sources of time varying fields
  Sources of exposure in the workplace
  Exposure assessment
Dosimetry
  Introduction
  Electric fields
  Magnetic fields
  Dosimetry for in vivo studies
  Dosimetry for in vitro studies
  Discussion and recommendations for further studies
References

II. REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS OF EMF BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS (0-100 KHZ)
Introduction
Exposure Systems
  Introduction
  In vitro exposure systems
  In vivo exposure
  Summary and conclusions on exposure systems
Mechanisms
  Static magnetic fields
  Static electric fields
  ELF fields
  Summary and conclusions on mechanisms
Biochemical and cell-free models
  RNA and protein synthesis
  Enzyme activity
  Calcium ions
  Summary and conclusions on cell-free models
Cellular Models
  Genotoxicity
  Non genotoxic models
  Summary and conclusions on cellular models
Animal Studies
  Genotoxicity models
  Carcinogenesis
  Reproduction and development
  Endocrine system
  Immune system and haematology
  Nervous system responses
  Behaviour
  Conclusion on animal studies
Human laboratory studies
  Genotoxicity
  Immune and haematological systems
  Endocrine system
  Nervous system physiology and behaviour
  Human cardiovascular effects of EMF exposure
  Perception, symptoms and mood
  Conclusion on human studies References

III. REVIEW OF THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL LITERATURE ON EMF AND HEALTH
Abstract and Introduction
Exposure Assessment
  Common themes and difficulties
  Residential
  Occupational exposure
Cancer
  Childhood cancer
  Adult cancer
Other Endpoints
  Neurodegenerative diseases
  Suicide and depression
  Cardiovascular diseases
  Reproductive effects
Discussion
References